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Political Dynasties in the Philippines: In My Opinion

Next year’s Philippine midterm elections are fast approaching and it paints an all too-familiar image once again: candidates that are ei...



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Eight-division world champion Manny Pacquiao shows a comeback dominating performance against American boxer Brandon Rios to bag the WBO International Welterweight Championship belt via unanimous decision at The Venetian Macao,in  Macau, China minutes earlier.

It was the Filipino’s win after the controversial loss he garnered from the Bradley fight and his shocking knockout by Marquez last year.

For the most part, the Filipino superstar put out a boxing clinic which left the American to cover his face for the entire 12 rounds.People’s expectations for the known all-out fighter Rios were failed because of the American boxer’s inability to answer to the seven-year older Pacquiao.

On the first bell, two fighters seized up each other’s power but Pacquiao showed his signature flurries and left straight early. A solid left straight bobbed the head of the American as he just smiled after being hit with the Filipino fighter 48 seconds left in the opening salvo.

Rounds two and three ensued with a lop-sided display of punches by the boxing congressman. After the exchange, Pacquiao circles to the right of the American in order to evade Rios’ counters.

On the fourth up to the sixth rounds, the Filipino boxer continued to showcase a boxing clinic by slowly disfiguring the beautiful face of Rios. The American fighter remained to be stationary for most of the time unable to follow through with his punches. Occasional boos from the largely-Pacquiao crowd can be heard each time Rios clips Pacquiao’s hand during the clinch and sneaks his close-ranged punches.

From seventh to ninth rounds, the Filipino superstar continued to launch his attacks on all angles leaving the American fazed and bloodied with cuts on the both upper parts of the eyelids. While still standing on his ground, it seemed like Rios adopted Clottey-style defense of having both hands held up in solid defense.

From rounds eight to nine, Pacquiao continued with his onslaught by unleashing his blows to the face and hard body punches sporadically. Rios was too slow to fend off the attacks and made him a standing target to the boxing lawmaker.

In the last round, Pacquiao continued to be patient and precise in his bombs versus the iron-chinned American. It can be noted that Pacquiao remains to be quick and confident with face unscathed until the conclusion of the bout at the twelfth.

During the Top Rank Promotions interview, Pacquiao revealed that what is important for him is to show to the world a good boxing match and the strength of the “younger Manny Pacquiao”.

Pacquiao admits that he was surprised on Rios' toughness and refers to the American as "one of the toughest foes" he has encountered in his career. In closing, Pacquiao thanks the fans and prays for the victims of the Category 5 Typhoon Haiyan that battered the central Philippines earlier this month.

Judges scored the bout, 120-108, 119-109, and 118-110. The win adds to Pacquiao’s new  record of 55 wins (38 knockouts), 5 losses, and two draws.

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Thanks to Google Translate for the Spanish translation of this article:

Ocho - campeón mundial Manny Pacquiao muestra una actuación dominante remontada contra el boxeador estadounidense Brandon Ríos a la bolsa del cinturón de la OMB peso welter Campeonato Internacional en el Venetian Macao , en Macao, en China minuto antes.

Fue la victoria del filipino después de la controversial derrota que obtuvo de la pelea de Bradley y su nocaut impactante por Márquez a principios de este año .

En su mayor parte , la superestrella filipina puso una clínica de boxeo que dejó el norteamericano para cubrir su rostro para toda las expectativas 12 rounds.People ' s para el luchador conocido sin cuartel Rios se falló debido a la incapacidad del boxeador estadounidense para responder a los siete años más viejo Pacquiao.

En la primera campana, dos luchadores intentaron tomar el poder de cada uno , pero Pacquiao mostró su firma ráfagas y se fueron directamente temprana. Una recta izquierda sólida balanceaba la cabeza de la Americana como él se limitó a sonreír después de ser golpeado con los filipinos de combate 48 segundos que quedan en la salva de apertura .

Rondas dos y tres se produjo con una pantalla desequilibrado de golpes por el congresista de boxeo. Después del intercambio , Pacquiao circunda a la derecha de la americana con el fin de evadir los contadores Ríos .

En el cuarto hasta el sexto rounds, el boxeador filipino siguió un escaparate de una clínica de boxeo desfigurando poco a poco el bello rostro de Ríos. La caza estadounidense se mantuvo a ser estacionaria durante la mayor parte del tiempo no puede seguir adelante con sus golpes . Abucheos ocasionales de la multitud en gran medida -Pacquiao se pueden oír cada vez clips Ríos mano de Pacquiao durante el clinch y se cuela sus golpes cerca a distancia - .

Desde séptimo-noveno asaltos , la superestrella filipina continuó para lanzar sus ataques contra todos los ángulos que salen de la Americana inmutó y ensangrentado con cortes en las dos partes superiores de los párpados. Si bien sigue en pie en su tierra , parecía que Ríos adoptó defensa al estilo de Clottey de tener ambas manos levantadas en defensa sólida.

De ocho a nueve rondas , Pacquiao continuó con su ataque dando rienda suelta a sus golpes en la cara y golpes al cuerpo duro esporádicamente . Ríos era demasiado lento para defenderse de los ataques y lo convirtió en blanco de pie hecha a la legisladora boxeo.

En la última ronda , Pacquiao siguió siendo paciente y preciso en sus bombas contra el estadounidense el hierro de mentón . Cabe señalar que Pacquiao sigue siendo rápido y seguro con cara indemne hasta la conclusión de la pelea en la duodécima .

Durante la entrevista de Top Rank Promotions , Pacquiao reveló que lo importante para él es mostrar al mundo una buena pelea de boxeo y la fuerza de la " joven Manny Pacquiao " .

Pacquiao admite que le sorprendió en la tenacidad Ríos ' y se refiere al estadounidense como "uno de los enemigos más duros " que ha encontrado en su carrera. Para terminar, Pacquiao agradece a los fans y reza por las víctimas del tifón de categoría 5 que azotó Haiyan el centro de Filipinas a principios de este mes .

La victoria se suma al nuevo récord de Pacquiao de 55 victorias ( 38 nocauts ) , 5 derrotas y dos empates .
Last November 8, the world witnessed this catastrophe of biblical proportions. 

It has been the headlines of both local and foreign media: Typhoon Yolanda (internationally known as Typhoon Haiyan) battered the central part of the Philippines taking with it the homes and lives of thousands of people.

Typhoon Yolanda, with the width of about 500 miles, is one, if not the strongest storm, to hit this vulnerable part of the planet. It was estimated to be three times larger than Hurricane Katrina which hit the US in 2005.
With gust reaching 195 miles per hour when it reached the shore, the typhoon took the lives of more than 6,000 people and left thousands more missing. It carried tsunami-like waves which reach as high as a three-story building, ravaging Eastern Visayas. Aside from its catastrophic winds, it also brought storm surges where the waves rise and battered the nearby shores.

And months after the typhoon struck, we are reminded of the full extent of the deluge’s damage. Images in the TV sets are horrifying: dead bodies lie in the streets as survivors try to search for their relatives. It was also a “triple whammy” for the businessmen of Leyte province, too. Their relatives possibly dead or missing, their stores damaged - and their goods looted by the victims who are huge fans of Greek-style anarchy.

So, who's to blame for this unimaginable destruction? And in the middle of all this, everyone (Anderson Cooper, included) asks: Why was the government response, slow?

Well, the government responded by saying that the country has never experienced a super typhoon of this magnitude.

True. The devastation of Typhoon Haiyan is indeed, unprecented, despite the fact that this tropical country takes in magnanimous number of typhoons each year. 
According to current estimates, Typhoon Haiyan has affected 11 million Filipinos and has displaced more than 600,000 people in the Visayas group of islands.
One of these recent intense storms include Typhoon Washi (locally known as Typhoon Sendong), which I personally experienced in Iligan City in December 2011.

I could still vividly recall our ordeal two years ago when this typhoon hit the sister cities of Iligan and Cagayan de Oro. That fateful day I found myself, like thousands of displaced Iliganons - in shock, and living for a moment, on the generosity and concern of others.

I believe it is now safe to say that climate is changing (so I'm pulling off a “Korina Sanchez” here: How dare you, climate change?!).
The blog author salvages his valuables in 2011 during the devastation brought about by Typhoon Washi.
Sure. Climate is the main culprit for the devastation but I believe the government shouldn’t use the old “blame-it-to-nature" routine.

That's why it puzzles me that each time a strong typhoon batters our shores, it seemed like the country's been hit for the first time due its unpreparedness. Every time. It is as if it this experience is so foreign to us here in the tropics. There’s an apparent lack of government action, period.

For that very same reason the Aquino administration is under hot water for sluggish relief operations. Even international news agencies such as CNN and BBC took note of the fact that there is a lack of organized governmental assistance to the thousands of victims, particularly in Tacloban City. This is darn humiliating, to say the least. But yeah, we are not Japan.
That's why this government has to confront these issues and work out solutions in order for us not to be depopulated by Mother Nature. Early preparation – which both the local government units and the national stratum failed to do days before the said Category 5 storm hit us – is the key.

This country has to reform National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council. We need more finances for adaptation. We need a better early warning system and we need sound preparations. Knock, knock, Mr. President. And we don't need your face in tarpaulins, Mr. Vice President, thank you.
Indeed it is difficult, much less, futile, to point fingers at this point. What is apparent is that the relief efforts for this disaster will weigh on us for years to come. And if we won't learn from these lethal lessons, Mother Nature will continue to do her thing - it's going to be brutal and we are not going to like it.

Photo Credits:

Microsoft Encarta Encyclopedia 2009. Phototake NYC Satellite Meterology.
Microsoft Encarta Encyclopedia 2009. Herman Kokojan Black Star. 
I finished my degree in Bachelor’s degree in Political Science at MSU-IIT in 2009. A couple of weeks ago, I searched the net for a list of people who also had the same major, but to my dismay, I found none.

I then took the matters into my own hands and single-handedly searched the educational background of some famous people whom I discovered having Political Science degrees. Together with law, these degrees seem to be the most popular for current and aspiring politicians, but the fact is, people pursue to all sorts of careers afterwards.

So here’s My List of Thirty Famous People Who Majored in Political Science (#30 to #21). You might want to check out those who made it to the 20th to 11th spots, here. While the Top 10 can be read, hereAnd as how we chant it at MSU-IIT - Sikhai PolSci!
30. Michele Bachmann

United States Representative Michele Marie Bachmann was a candidate for the Republican nomination in the 2012 U.S. presidential election, winning the Ames Straw Poll in August 2011. But she dropped out in January 2012 after finishing in sixth place in the Iowa caucuses.

Before taking up law in 1986, earned her Bachelor’s degrees in English and Political Science in 1978.

29. Howard Dean
Howard Dean was the former Governor of Vermont, and for his 2004 Democratic presidential nomination. Dean’s political career was launched after he led a campaign to stop a condo development on Lake Champlain, succeeding in building a bike trail instead. He earned his medical degree from Albert Einstein College of Medicine, after earning a BA in Political Science from Yale.

28. David Axelrod
David M. Axelrod is an American political consultant based in Chicago, Illinois. He was a top political advisor to President Bill Clinton as well as campaign advisor to President Barack Obama during Obama's successful run for Presidency. Following the 2008 election, Axelrod was appointed as Senior Advisor to Obama. Axelrod left the White House position in early 2011 to become the Senior Strategist for Obama's re-election campaign.

Axelrod was formerly a political writer for the Chicago Tribune. He is the founder of AKPD Message and Media, and operated ASK Public Strategies, now called ASGK Public Strategies. After graduating from New York's Stuyvesant High School in 1972, Axelrod attended the University of Chicago. He majored in political science.

27. Francis Fukuyama

Another political scientist is  (or Yoshihiro Francis Fukuyama), born on October 27, 1952. He is also a political economist and author. He’s best known for his book The End of History and the Last Man (1992), which argued that the worldwide spread of liberal democracies and free market capitalism of the West and its lifestyle may signal the end point of humanity's sociocultural evolution and become the final form of human government. He initially pursued graduate studies in comparative literature at Yale University, going to Paris for six months to study under Roland Barthes and Jacques Derrida, but became disillusioned and switched to political science at Harvard University.
26. Stéphane Dion

Stéphane Maurice Dion, PC, is a Canadian politician who has been the Member of Parliament for the riding of Saint-Laurent–Cartierville in Montreal since 1996. He was the leader of the Liberal Party of Canada and the Leader of the Opposition in the Canadian House of Commons from 2006 to 2008. Dion resigned as Liberal leader after the party's defeat in the 2008 general election, but remained in Parliament and was re-elected in his riding in the 2011 election.

Dion is a former academic who served as a cabinet minister under Jean Chrétien and Paul Martin and, as such, is a Member of the Privy Council. He studied political science at Université Laval in the department co-founded by his father; this was also where he met his future wife, Janine Krieber, a fellow-student in the same program. He obtained BA and MA degrees in 1977 and 1979 respectively (his master's thesis presented an analysis of the evolution of Parti Québécois electoral strategies), after which he and Janine departed together for France.

25. Elinor Ostrom

Elinor Ostrom was a renowned American political economist. She was awarded the 2009 Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel. She was the first, and to date, the only woman to win the prize in this category. Ostrom graduated from Beverly Hills High School in 1951 and then received a B.A. (with honors) in political science at UCLA, in 1954. She was awarded an M.A. in 1962 and a PhD in 1965, both from UCLA Department of Political Science. She married a fellow political scientist, Vincent Ostrom in 1963.

24. Daniel Jonah Goldhagen

Daniel Jonah Goldhagen is an American author and former associate professor of political science and social studies at Harvard University. Goldhagen reached international attention and broad criticism as the author of two controversial books about the Holocaust, Hitler's Willing Executioners (1996) and A Moral Reckoning (2002). He is also the author of Worse Than War (2009), which examines the phenomenon of genocide.

23. Edward Tufte

Edward Tufte is an American statistician and professor emeritus of political science, statistics, and computer science at Yale University. He is noted for his writings on information design and as a pioneer in the field of data visualization. He received a BS and MS in statistics from Stanford University and a PhD in political science from Yale.
22. Robert Keohane

Robert Keohane is an American academic, who, following the publication of his influential book After Hegemony in 1984, became widely associated with the theory of neoliberal institutionalism in international relations.

Keohane has taught at Swarthmore, Stanford, Brandeis, Harvard, and Duke. At Harvard he was Stanfield Professor of International Peace, and at Duke he was the James B. Duke Professor of Political Science. He is currently a Professor of Political Science at the Woodrow Wilson School at Princeton University.

21. Rick Santorum

Former U.S. Senator Rick Santorum. He got his Bachelor’s degree in political science in 1980 at the Pennsylvania State University and then took Law in 1986 at the Dickinson School of Law.

Other runner-ups include:

Charles Beard† was a professor of Political Science at Columbia University from 1907 to 1917, when he resigned to protest the dismissal, during World War I, of several professors at Columbia who held pacifist views. In 1918 Beard helped found the New School for Social Research, an institution for adult education in New York City.

The Former New Mexico Gov. Gary Johnson also earned his bachelor’s degree in political science in 1975 at the University of New Mexico.

Thomas Homer-Dixon is Director of the Waterloo Institute for Complexity and Innovation at the University of Waterloo, and Professor in the Centre for Environment and Business in the Faculty of Environment, with a cross-appointment to the Political Science Department in the Faculty of Arts. He previously held the George Ignatieff Chair of Peace and Conflict Studies at the Trudeau Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies at the University of Toronto.

In 1980, he received a B.A. in Political Science from Carlton University in Ottawa. He then established the Canadian Student Pugwash organization, a movement that provided Canadian university students with a forum for discussion of issues of science, ethics, and public policy.

Gary King is a political scientist and quantitative methodologist. He is currently the Albert J. Weatherhead III University Professor and Director for the Institute for Quantitative Social Science at Harvard University. In 1980, King graduated summa cum laude with a B.A. in Political Science from the State University of New York at New Paltz. In 1981 he earned an M.A. and in 1984 a Ph.D. in Political Science at the University of Wisconsin (UW) in Madison. To date, he has authored or coauthored seven books (six published and one forthcoming) and nearly 100 journal articles and book chapters.

Gene Sharp (born January 21, 1928) is a Professor Emeritus of political science at the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth. He is known for his extensive writings on nonviolent struggle, which have influenced numerous anti-government resistance movements around the world.

Sharp has been a professor of political science at the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth since 1972. He simultaneously held research appointments at Harvard University’s Center for International Affairs since 1965. In 1983 he founded the Albert Einstein Institution, a non-profit organization devoted to studies and promotion of the use of nonviolent action in conflicts worldwide. In 2009 and 2012 he was nominated for the Nobel peace prize. In 2011 he was awarded the El-Hibri Peace Education Prize.

James H. Fowler (born February 18, 1970) is an American social scientist specializing in social networks, cooperation, political participation, and genopolitics (the study of the genetic basis of political behavior). He is currently Professor of Medical Genetics in the School of Medicine and Professor of Political Science in the Division of Social Science at the University of California, San Diego. Fowler earned a bachelor's degree from Harvard College in 1992, a master's degree in International Relations from Yale University in 1997, and a Ph.D. in Government from the Harvard University in 2003. He was also a Peace Corps volunteer in Ecuador from 1992 to 1994. In 2010, he was named by Foreign Policy magazine to its list of top global thinkers.

James Q. Wilson was an American academic, political scientist, and an authority on public administration. A Ronald Reagan Professor of Public Policy at Pepperdine University and a senior fellow at the Clough Center for the Study of Constitutional Democracy at Boston College, he was a co-author of the 1982 article introducing the broken windows theory. He completed an M.A. (1957) and a Ph.D. (1959) in political science at the University of Chicago. From 1961 to 1987, he was the Shattuck Professor of Government at Harvard University.

P. Merle Black, born in 1942, is the Asa Griggs Candler Professor of Political Science at Emory University. He is a frequent media source on Southern politics, as is his twin brother, Earl Black, a professor at Rice University. The two brothers are sometime co-authors, and have written several important books about politics in the Southern US, including Politics and Society in the South. Black was President of the Southern Political Science Association, 2002-2003. Black has a bachelor’s degree from Harvard University and a master’s degree and Ph.D. from the University of Chicago.

Paul Wolfowitz is a former United States Ambassador to Indonesia, U.S. Deputy Secretary of Defense, President of the World Bank, and former dean of the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University. He is currently a visiting scholar at the American Enterprise Institute, working on issues of international economic development, Africa and public-private partnerships, and chairman of the US-Taiwan Business Council.

From 1970 to 1972, Wolfowitz taught in the Department of Political Science at Yale University, where one of his students was I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby. In 1972, Wolfowitz earned a Ph.D. in political science from the University of Chicago, writing his doctoral dissertation on "nuclear proliferation in the Middle East".

Robert D. Putnam or Robert David Putnam is a political scientist and professor of public policy at the Harvard University John F. Kennedy School of Government. He is also visiting professor and director of the Manchester Graduate Summer Programme in Social Change, University of Manchester (UK). Putnam developed the influential two-level game theory that assumes international agreements will only be successfully brokered if they also result in domestic benefits. His most famous (and controversial) work, Bowling Alone, argues that the United States has undergone an unprecedented collapse in civic, social, associational, and political life (social capital) since the 1960s, with serious negative consequences. He was the President of the American Political Science Association (2001–2002).

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